Book Lists for All Levels

(See also Bill Muehlenberg’s Apologetics Reader page for other resources, some of which may be listed here on this page.)

Beginner Apologetics

Know What You Believe – Paul Little
Know Why You Believe – Paul Little
Living Loud: Defending Your Faith – Norman Geisler and Joseph Holden
*On Guard: Defending Your Faith with Reason and Precision – William Lane Craig
*The Case for Christ – Lee Strobel
*The Case for Faith – Lee Strobel
*A Little Primer on Humble Apologetics – James Sire 
*5 Minute Apologist – Rick Cornish
No Other Gods – Phil Fernandes 
The Reason Why Faith Makes Sense – Mark Mittelberg

Apologetic Foundations
*Love Your God With All Your Mind – J.P. Moreland
*Mere Christianity – C.S. Lewis
*Testing Christianity’s Truth Claims – Gordon Lewis 
*Trilogy – Francis Schaeffer 
Contend Earnestly for the Faith – Phil Fernandes
Choosing Your Faith … In a World of Spiritual Options – Mark Mittelberg

General Apologetics
*I Don’t Have Enough Faith to Be An Atheist – Norman Geisler & Frank Turek 
*Without a Doubt – Kenneth Samples
*Contending with Christianity’s Critics – Copan & Craig
Forensic Faith – J. Warner Wallace
Hard Questions, Real Answers – William Lane Craig 
True For You But Not For Me – Paul Copan
Who Made God?: Answers to Over 100 Other Tough Questions of Faith – Zacharias & Geisler
When Skeptics Ask: A Handbook on Christian Evidences – Norman Geisler & Ron. Brooks
The Case for Faith – Lee Strobel
The Reason for God: Belief in an Age of Skepticism – Tim Keller
What’s So Great About Christianity – Dinesh D’Souza
Intellectuals Don’t Need God and Other Modern Myths – Alister McGrath
To Everyone an Answer: A Case for the Christian Worldview – Moreland, Craig, & Beckwith
Why I Am a Christian – edited by Geisler & Hoffman
Reasons for Faith – edited by Geisler & Meister
That’s Just Your Interpretation – Paul Copan
How Do You Know You’re Not Wrong? – Paul Copan
Passionate Conviction – edited by Copan and Craig
Unshakable Foundations – Geisler & Bocchino
The Questions Christians Hope No One Will Ask (with answers) – Mark Mittelberg


Apologetics for Parents

Keeping Your Kids on God’s Side, Natasha Crain
Talking to Your Kids About God, Natasha Crain
Talking to Your Kids About Jesus, Natasha Crain
Mama Bear Apologetics, Hilary Ferrer
So the Next Generation Will Know, J. Warner Wallace and Sean McDowell
The Secret Battle of Ideas About God, Jeff Meyers  (
Understanding the Times, David Noebel and Jeff Meyers  (
Understanding the Faith, Jeff Meyers   (
Understanding the Culture, Jeff Meyers  (



*The Historical Jesus – Gary Habermas 
*The Case for the Real Jesus – Lee Strobel
Fabricating Jesus – Craig Evans
Jesus Under Fire: Modern Scholarship Reinvents the Historical Jesus – Wilkins & Moreland
Putting Jesus in His Place: The Case for the Deity of Christ – Rob Bowman & Ed Komoszewski
What Have They Done with Jesus? – Ben Witherington III
Reinventing Jesus – Ed Komoszewski, James Sawyer, & Daniel Wallace

Resurrection of Jesus

*The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus – Gary Habermas & Michael Licona 
Alive – J. Warner Wallace
Evidence for the Resurrection – Josh & Sean McDowell 
The Son Rises – William Lane Craig

The Secret of the Talpiot Tomb – Gary Habermas
Did the Resurrection Happen? – Gary Habermas & Antony Flew

The Risen Jesus and Future Hope – Gary Habermas
Jesus’ Resurrection: Fact or Figment?: A Debate Between Craig Ludemann



*Hume’s Abject Failure – John Earman
*In Defense of Miracles – Habermas & Geivett
Miracles – C.S. Lewis
Miracles & the Modern Mind: A Defense of Biblical Miracles – Norman Geisler

Intermediate Apologetics

*Reasonable Faith – William Lane Craig 

*Christian Apologetics – Norman Geisler 
*Scaling the Secular City – J.P. Moreland 
The Rationality of Theism – Copan & Moser

Advanced Apologetics

*The Blackwell Companion to Natural Theology – Craig & Moreland

Cold Case Christianity – J. Warner Wallace
Naturalism: A Critical Analysis – Craig & Moreland
Cosmological Argument from Plato to Leibniz – William Lane Craig
The Kalam Cosmological Argument – William Lane Craig
Creation out of Nothing: A Biblical, Philosophical, and Scientific Exploration – Craig & Copan

Reliability of the Bible

*Can We Trust the Gospels? – Mark D. Roberts 

*The Historical Reliability of the Gospels – Craig Blomberg 
*The New Testament Documents: Are They Reliable? – F.F. Bruce
Cold Case Christianity – J. Warner Wallace
The Text of the New Testament – Bruce Metger & Bart Erhman 
The Canon of the New Testament – Bruce Metzger 
Is the New Testament Reliable? – Paul Barnett 
The Testimony of the Evangelists – Simon Greenleaf 
Inerrancy – Edited by Norman Geisler 
The Canon of Scripture – F.F. Bruce 
From God To Us – Geisler & Nix 
Jesus and the Eyewitnesses – Richard Baukham
Misquoting Truth – Timothy Paul Jones
The Old Testament Documents: Are They Reliable and Relevant? – Walter Kaiser
General Introduction to the Bible – Norman Geisler

Problem of Evil

*The Problem of Pain – C.S. Lewis

The End of Christianity: Finding a Good God in an Evil World – William Dembski
The Many Faces of Evil – John Feinberg
When God Weeps – Joni Eareckson Tada & Steven Estes
Till We Have Faces – C.S. Lewis
Deliver Us From Evil – Ravi Zacharias
Evil and the Evidence for God – Douglas Geivett


*Doubting: Growing Through the Uncertainties of Faith – Alister McGrath

Faith and Doubt – John Ortberg
In Search of a Confident Faith – Moreland and Issler


A Fine-Tuned Universe: The Quest for God in Science and Theology – Alister McGrath

Science and Christianity: Conflict or Coherence? – Henry F. Schaefer III
Theism, Atheism, and Big Bang Cosmology – William Lane Craig & Quentin Smith


*Philosophy of Religion – C. Stephen Evans

**Philosophical Foundations for a Christian Worldview – Craig & Moreland 
*Philosophy of Religion – Norman Geisler and Winfried Corduan 
Faith and Reason – Ronald Nash
Life’s Ultimate Questions: An Introduction to Philosophy – Ronald Nash
Loving Wisdom: Christian Philosophy of Religion – Paul Copan
Introduction to Philosophy – Norman Geisler & Paul Feinberg 
An Introduction to Christian Philosophy – Gordon H. Clark and John W. Robbins
Philosophy Made Slightly Less Difficult – J. P. Moreland and Ed DeWeese
Thinking About God – Gregory Gansle
Epistemology: Becoming Intellectually Virtuous – W. Jay Wood
Metaphysics: Constructing a Worldview – William Hasker 
Philosophy of Religion: A Reader and Guide – William Lane Craig
The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Religion – William Mann
In Defense of Natural Theology – James Sennett & Douglas Groothuis 
On Pascal – Douglas Groothuis 
Warranted Christian Belief – Alvin Plantinga
God, Freedom & Evil – Alvin Plantinga
Faith & Rationality – Alvin Plantinga
Warrant & Proper Function – Alvin Plantinga
The Nature of Necessity – Alvin Plantinga
The Elusive God: Reorienting Religious Epistemology  by Paul Moser 

Existence of God

*20 Compelling Evidences that God Exists – Ken Boa & Rob Bowman 

*The Case for a Creator – Lee Strobel
God’s Crime Scene – J. Warner Wallace
The God Who Sits Enthroned – Phil Fernandes 
The Existence of God – Richard Swinburne 
The Existence of God edited by John Hick 
Does God Exist: The Craig-Flew Debate
Does God Exist? – J.P. Moreland & Kai Nielsen Debate


*A Rulebook for Arguments – Anthony Weston 

**Asking the Right Questions – Neil Browne & Stuart M. Keely 
*Nonsense: A Handbook of Logical Fallacies – Robert Gula 
Informal Logic – Douglas Walton 
Come Let Us Reason – Geisler & Brookes 
Introduction to Logic – Irving Copi 
Logic – Gordon Clark 
Biblical Logic – Joel McDurmon
Socratic Logic – Peter Kreeft
A Concise Introduction to Logic – Hurley

History of Apologetics

*A History of Apologetics – Avery Dulles 

*Classical Readings in Christian Apologetics – L. Rush Bush 
Christian Apologetics Past & Present: A Primary Source Reader – Edgar & Oliphint
Faith in the Age of Reason – Jonathan Hill 

Apologetics Reference Books

*Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion – C. Stephen Evans 

*Pocket Handbook of Christian Apologetics – Peter Kreeft & Paul Tacelli
*Handbook of Christian Apologetics – Peter Kreeft & Paul Tacelli
Holman QuickSource Guide to Christian Apologetics – Doug Powell
Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics – Norman Geisler
New Dictionary of Christian Apologetics – Evans, Campbell-Jack, McGrath
Evidence That Demands a Verdict – Josh McDowell
Encyclopedia of Bible Difficulties – Gleeson Archer
Big Book of Bible Difficulties – Norman Geisler & Thomas Howe
Charts of Apologetics and Christian Evidences – Wayne House & Joseph Holden

Apologetics Study Bibles

The Apologetics Study Bible – Holman Christian Standard

The Student Apologetics Study Bible – Holman Christian Standard

Books on Methodology

*Faith Has Its Reasons – Ken Boa & Robert Bowman

*5 Views on Apologetics – Cowan, Gundry, Habermas, Craig
The Apologetics of Jesus – Geisler & Zukeran
Classical Apologetics – R.C. Sproul
Relational Apologetics, Michael Sherrard

Presuppositional Apologetics

*Apologetics to the Glory of God: An Introduction – John Frame
*Always Ready – Greg Bahnsen
*Presuppositional Apologetics Stated and Defended – Greg Bahnsen
The Portable Presuppositionalist – Jamin Hubner
Pushing the Antithesis: The Apologetic Methodology – Greg Bahnsen
Van Til’s Apologetic: Readings and Analysis – Greg Bahnsen
The Defense of the Faith – Cornelius Van Til
Christian Apologetics – Cornelius Van Til
Cornelius Van Til: An Analysis of His Thought – John Frame
Every Thought Captive: A Study Manual for the Defense of Christian Truth – Jr. Richard L. Pratt

*Kingdom of the Cults – Walter Martin

The Kingdom of the Occult – Walter Martin
Reasoning from the Scriptures with the Mormons – Rhodes & Bodine
Reasoning from the Scriptures with Muslims – Ron Rhodes
Reasoning from the Scriptures with the Jehovah’s Witnesses – Ron Rhodes
Reasoning from the Scriptures with Masons – Ron Rhodes
The Challenge of the Cults and New Religions – Ron Rhodes
Angels Among Us: Separating Fact from Fiction – Ron Rhodes
The New Mormon Challenge – Beckwith, Mosser, Owen
Unmasking the New Age – Douglas Groothuis


*Gunning For God: Why the New Atheists are Missing the Target – John Lennox

*God’s Undertaker: Has Science Buried God? – John Lennox
*God and Stephen Hawking – John Lennox
*Seven Days that Divide the World – John Lennox
* God is Great, God is Good  – edited by William Lane Craig & Chad Meister 
*The Devil’s Delusion: Atheism and Its Scientific Pretensions – David Berlinski
If There is a God, Why Are There Atheists? – R.C. Sproul
A Sceptic’s Guide to Atheism – Peter S. Williams
The Dawkins Delusion – Alister McGrath
The Dawkins Letters – David Robertson
Can Man Live Without God – Ravi Zacharias
A Shattered Visage: The Real Face of Atheism – Ravi Zacharias
The End of Reason – Ravi Zacharias
Stealing From God: Why Atheists Need God to Make Their Case – Frank Turek
The Twilight of Atheism – Alister McGrath
The Future of Atheism – Alister McGrath & Daniel Dennett
The Atheist Delusion – Phil Fernandes
There Is a God: How the World’s Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind – Antony Flew 
The Truth Behind the New Atheism – David Marshall

Apologetics and Evangelism

**Tactics: A Game Plan for Discussing Your Christian Convictions – Greg Koukl 

*On Guard: Defending Your Faith with Reason and Precision – William Lane Craig
*Questioning Evangelism – Randy Newman
*The God Question: An Invitation to a Life of Meaning – J.P. Moreland
How to Argue Like Jesus – Carter & Coleman
Corner Conversations – Randy Newman
When God Goes to Starbucks: A Guide to Everyday Apologetics – Paul Copan
Why Good Arguments Often Fail – James Sire
Conversational Evangelism – David Geisler
Dialogical Apologetics: A Person-Centered Approach to Christian Defense – David Clark
Humble Apologetics – John Stackhouse
Reasons of the Heart: Recovering Christian Persuasion – Wiliam Edgar
Apologetics for a New Generation – Sean McDowell

Intelligent Design

*Understanding Intelligent Design: Everything You Need to Know in Plain Language – Bill Dembski &  Sean McDowell

*The Politically Incorrect Guide to Darwinism and Intelligent Design – Jonathan Wells
*The Edge of Evolution – Michael Behe
*The Design Inference – William Dembski
Icons of Evolution – Jonathan Wells
Evolution: A Theory in Crisis – Michael Denton
*Signature in the Cell – Stephen Meyer
Intelligent Design: The Bridge Between Science and Theology – William Dembski & Michael Behe
The Design Revolution – William Dembski
The Cell’s Design – Fazale Rana
The Privileged Planet – Guillermo Gonzalez & Jay Richards
Science and Evidence for Design in the Universe – Behe, Dembski, Meyer
Darwin Strikes Back: Defending the Science of Intelligent Design – Thomas Woodward
Billions of Missing Links: A Rational Look at the Mysteries Evolution Can’t Explain – Geoffrey Simmons
Darwin’s Black Box – Michael Behe
Darwin on Trial – Phillip Johnson
The Design Matrix: A Consilience of Clues – Mike Gene


*Understanding the Culture, Jeff Myers (Summit Curriculum)
*Understanding the Faith, Jeff Myers (Summit Curriculum)
*Understanding the Times, Jeff Myers and David Noebel  (Summit Curriculum)
*World of Difference: Putting Christian Truth-Claims to the Worldview Test – Ken Samples

Pocket Dictionary of New Religious Movements – Irving Hexham
*Naming the Elephant: Worldview as a Concept – James Sire
*Beyond Opinion, Ravi K. Zacharias (ed.)
*Total Truth – Nancy Pearcy
Worldviews in Conflict – Ronald Nash
The Universe Next Door – James Sire
Jesus Among Other Gods – Ravi Zacharias

Postmodernism / Relativism

*Relativism: Feet Firmly Planted in Mid Air – Greg Koukl & Francis Beckwith

Truth Decay – Douglas Groothuis
A Refutation of Moral Relativism – Peter Kreeft

Classics in Apologetics

The First Apology of Justin – Justin Martyr

Irenaeus Against Heresies – Irenaeus
The Apology – Turtullian
Against Celsus – Origen
*Confessions – Augustine
*The City of God – Augustine
Summa Contra Gentiles – Thomas Aquinas
*Summa Theologica – Thomas Aquinas
*Institutes of the Christian Religion – John Calvin
The Analogy of Religion – Joseph Butler
*Natural Theology – William Paley 
A View of the Evidences of Christianity – William Paley
**Pensées – Blaise Pascal 


The Lee Strobel Film Collection

*Expelled: No Intelligence Allowed
The Privileged Planet
Unlocking the Mystery of Life
Darwin’s Dilemma 
Icons of Evolution

Collision (Douglas Wilson & Christopher Hitchens)
How Then Shall We Live – Francis Schaeffer (12 part series)