If Everything Needs a Creator, then Who or What Created God?


by Rob Lundberg

A couple of years ago, I had a fellow coworker, who embraces a pagan religion, who had a habit of trying to stump me with some basic questions.  It turns out that the questions he was dropping down were basically common questions coming from those who skeptical of the existence of God in general and biblical Christianity in particular. 

My conversant  tried to make his case that the universe had always existed and questioned if it was expanding at a constant rate. In other words, he was promoting his understanding of a “steady state” universe.[1] This prompted him to question me with the following, “If you believe that God created the universe, then who created God?” This is the question that I would like to address in this post.  

Let me say from the onset that this is a popular objection presented by skeptics who do not understand the nature of God and the kinds of possibilities for existence. To understand this objection, one needs to understand four keys that unlock this objection to show the possibility that God exists and that He is the creator not needing to be created. If you master these keys, you are on your way to unlocking this objection.

Understand types of existence.  One of the issues, that is not often brought to the table in answering this objection, is the various possibilities of existence. Let us remember that anything that exists gets its existence from outside itself. Let me explain.

Key No. 1:  Non existence  We know that this is not what we see around us. I would not be typing this post if I did not exist, or the computer that I am using did not exist. In order for one to say that they do not exist, they have to affirm their existence in the process.  Enough said on this option. Let’s move to the second key.

Key No. 2:  Self caused cause Self causes or something causing itself to exist is really an impossibility.  The universe is shown to have a beginning.  But because it has a beginning it could not be self caused. It would have to exist prior to its cause. If that which has a beginning, existed before its causation then the universe would be __ __ __ . Does not make sense does it?  Let’s move on to the third key.

Key No. 3:  Contingent cause This type of cause is the reality of what we see around us. Everything you see around you, that exists, was caused to exist by another.  Someone built this laptop computer I am typing on. Your parents got together and there was a race to fertilize an ovum, you won and here you are!

Our existence was caused by another. Our caused existence was caused by another and on and on.  But you cannot have an infinite regress (going backwards) of going to prior causes.  There has to be a start to the first man, the first computer, the first table. . .  Looking for the cause of the first man, or there needs to be a first Cause, or an Uncaused cause.  If everything with a cause was a product of an infinite regression of the cause for that existence, (the question says that “everything needs a creator”) there wouldn’t be any uncaused cause.  This brings us to the final key.

Key No. 4:  The Uncaused Cause

This final key is where the atheist does not want to go.  The skeptic’s first inkling is from Carl Sagan who coined the phrase that “the universe is all that there is, and ever was.” But Hubble’s telescope and semi-recent findings confirming over the last several decades show that the universe has a beginning. This means, by way of review, that the universe has a contingent cause.

Like anything else that is a contingent cause, being cause by something or someone outside itself, you cannot have an infinite regression (going backwards in time) of current causes of existence. So if the universe began to exist, and was the first beginnings of the natural world, then something outside of the natural world, something supernatural must have caused the universe to begin to exist.  The endgame points to an “Uncaused Cause;” One that is spaceless, timeless, immaterial, powerful, all good, all knowing, and the First Uncaused Cause of the universe.

Therefore, there has not been an infinite regression of creations.[2]  There can’t be, because one of the reasons is the very fact that we, whose existence is contingent upon another will one day no longer exist.  

Conclusion.

So if everything needs a creator then who or what created God is a question of absurdity when you understand that the God of the Christian faith has never come into existence, which means that God is the Uncaused Cause, who is infinite, spaceless, timeless, immaterial, powerful, moral, personal, intelligent, sustainer, Creator and First Cause of the existence and design of the universe.  God is the only entity in existence, the reason for whose existence is in Himself. In other words, God never came into existence. He is the uncaused First Cause who has alway been in existence and the one who has created what we know as time, space and matter. This eliminates the problem of infinite regressions (causes).

Like my conversant, one might ask, “but who created God?” The answer is simple. By definition, God is uncreated. He is eternal. He is the One who brought time, space, and matter into existence. Since the law of causality[3] deals with space, time, and matter, the law of causality does not apply to God. This is because God existed before space, time, and matter, and the law of causality[4] does not apply to Him.

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Notes

[1] A pretty good dictionary definition of the steady state theory is as follows: A cosmological theory stating that the universe has always expanded at a uniform rate with no beginning or end, that it will continue to expand and have constant  density, and that the distribution of old and new objects in the universe is basically even.
The Steady state theory was also discredited by the discovery of cosmic background radiation, which was predicted by the bang theory but not by the steady state theory. (See: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/steady-state-theory)

[2] Remember that my conversant was positing his belief in an infinite universe with no beginning. Even though he worshiped three deities, his understanding of the universe posits more of pantheistic view rather than an atheistic understanding despite the fact this is common with both of these worldviews. 

[3] Robert Jastrow, founder and former director of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies at NASA, wrote: “The Universe, and everything that has happened in it since the beginning of time, are a grand effect without a known cause. An effect without a known cause? That is not the world of science; it is a world of witchcraft, of wild events and the whims of demons, a medieval world that science has tried to banish. As scientists, what are we to make of this picture? I do not know. I would only like to present the evidence for the statement that the Universe, and man himself, originated in a moment when time began” (1977, p. 21).  See the article at: http://www.apologeticspress.org/APContent.aspx?category=12&article=3716

[4] The Law of Cause and Effect states that every material effect must have an adequate antecedent or simultaneous cause. Leaning against a mountain will certainly not cause it to topple over. Jumping up and down on the ground will not cause an earthquake. If a chair is not placed in an empty room, the room will remain chairless. If matter was not made and placed in the Universe, we would not exist. There must be an adequate antecedent or simultaneous cause for every material effect. Perhaps the Law of Cause and Effect seems intuitive to most, but common sense is foreign to many when God is brought into the discussion. See the article at:  http://www.apologeticspress.org/apcontent.aspx?category=9&article=3716

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